How to form a C-corporation for Science and Technology


A corporation is a legal business entity that’s separate from its owners. The owners of a corporation are called shareholders, and they share in the profits earned by the company. As an owner of a C-corporation, you’re liable for debts only up to the amount of money invested in your business. So, if your company goes bankrupt or owes someone money, you’re not responsible for paying back more than you’ve invested. In this guide, we’ll go over how to form a C-corporation for science and technology so that you can start conducting business legally!

How to Form a C-Corporation for Science and Technology

A C-corporation is one of the most common types of corporations in the United States. This type of legal entity has a number of advantages and disadvantages when compared to other types of businesses. If you want to form a corporation, then it’s important that you understand what makes a C-corporation different from other types of business entities. To help you do this, we’ve put together this guide that explains everything you need to know about forming and running your own corporation.

The first step in learning how to form a company is understanding what exactly a “company” is. A simple way to define this term is as follows:

A company refers to any organization created by multiple people with some degree of permanence or durability (i.e., not just something like an ad hoc group), which holds assets on behalf of its owners or shareholders who have contributed capital into its operation.

Choose a Name for Your Science and Technology C-Corporation

Make sure you pick a name for your science and technology C-corporation that is easy to remember, not already in use, not offensive, and does not include any numbers, punctuation, or special characters that can be confused with other symbols.

Appoint Directors

Directors are the people who run the corporation and oversee its operations. They are in charge of hiring employees, setting policies for the company, approving major expenditures, and ensuring that business is conducted legally.

While there is no specific requirement for who must be appointed as director, state laws typically require that at least one director be resident within your jurisdiction (in order to expedite communication with local authorities). In addition, it’s best to choose directors who have expertise and experience relevant to your organization’s mission statement.

File Articles of Incorporation

The articles of incorporation are the official documents filed with the state. They are also filed with the IRS, but they do not contain information that is specific to your company. Instead, they include general information about your corporation and its primary activities.

The articles will be accompanied by some other forms:

  • A statement of acceptance by a registered agent who agrees to receive legal correspondence on behalf of your company
  • An oath or affirmation made by an officer or director acknowledging that they are authorized to sign these documents on behalf of your business

Create Corporate Bylaws

Corporate bylaws are a set of rules that govern the internal affairs of a corporation, including how meetings should be held, who can vote at those meetings, and what happens to shares if they’re sold or transferred. Most corporations adopt their bylaws at their first meeting of directors. If you don’t have your business plan done yet now is a good time to get back on track!

Your corporate bylaws must be approved by both your board of directors and shareholders before they can take effect. The best way to write corporate bylaws is in plain language so everyone understands them; this will help prevent confusion later on down the road when things start getting more complicated than just writing up papers for incorporation purposes only

Conduct Organizational Meetings

  • The board should hold at least one annual meeting, which may be held in person or by telephone conference call.
  • The president or other presiding officer of the corporation shall preside at all meetings at which he or she is present and shall ensure that minutes are kept for each meeting.
  • Only directors may be counted toward a quorum for an organizational meeting unless there is only one director on the board, in which case he or she will constitute his own quorum.

Issue Stock Certificates to Holders

Once you have decided to issue stock certificates, there are a few things you will need to do:

  • Issue your stock certificates. You can do this by following the instructions provided by your state’s Secretary of State’s office. They will inform you what information needs to be included on the certificate and how best to sign it; for example, some states require signatures from all shareholders or owners of a company, while others allow for one person’s signature only if he or she is holding sole ownership of the company at that time. Once everything has been signed properly, make sure that all signatures are certified with an official seal from a notary public or other similar legal official in order for them to be considered binding.
  • Record these documents in county records online. The process is very straightforward—simply enter each record into its corresponding field using information such as title number and reference number along with category codes like “LC” followed by dashes separating each part of your title number so that everything reads correctly when entered correctly prior being saved as PDF’s.

Obtain an Employer Identification Number (EIN)

An Employer Identification Number (EIN) is a unique nine-digit number that identifies a business entity, similar to a Social Security number for individuals. The EIN is used for federal tax purposes and is obtained from the IRS. You must use your EIN on all of your business’s tax returns, including income tax filings, employment taxes, and excise taxes.

Apply for Business Licenses and Permits

This can vary depending on which city or county you choose to operate in, as well as which state laws apply. It’s best to contact local government offices beforehand so that they can inform you of any additional requirements that may be necessary before starting up your company.

Some common types of licenses include:

  • Business licenses
  • Sales tax permits
  • Zoning permits


Once your company is formed, you’ll be able to keep your personal assets separate from the business’s assets. Your business will also have a legal identity separate from its owners and employees. This means that if something goes wrong in the future, or if someone decides to sue your company for any reason, they won’t be able to get at your personal finances or property because they belong solely to the corporation.

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