How to Form an LLC in Vermont


The process of forming an LLC in Vermont is relatively straightforward. You’ll need to follow a few steps that are tailored to the needs and requirements of your specific business, but it won’t take very long. This article will walk you through each step so that you can form your own Vermont LLC quickly and easily.

Name your business

Choosing a name is one of the most important parts of forming an LLC. Your business name should be unique and easy to spell and pronounce, but not too long or too short. It should also not look like a registered trademark, which means avoiding words like “insurance,” “america,” “expert,” etc. The best way to find a good name is to brainstorm with your partner(s) and then meet up at Starbucks (or whatever your favorite coffee shop is) for some brainstorming sessions.

Register your name with the Vermont Secretary of State

You’ll need to register your name with the Vermont Secretary of State. The name must be unique, available in Vermont, and not offensive or misleading. Your company’s name cannot include words such as “corporation,” “incorporated,” or “limited.” It must also not be too lengthy (45 characters is the max).

When you check out your potential business name on the Vermont Secretary of State website, they’ll tell you whether it’s available. If it’s not available there are some other options:

  • Try a similar variation on the same theme and see if that works better for you than an exact match would have. For example, if your first choice was “Cool Ice Cream,” maybe try something like “Cool Homemade Ice Cream” instead? Or perhaps even just go with something simpler like “Ice Cream.”
  • Another option is to change just one letter from another word and see if it still gets flagged as being taken by someone else. For example, what happens if we change one letter from “Painting Lessons” into “Payment Lessons?” Or take “Buy Now” and make it “By Now?”

Designate a registered agent

To form an LLC in Vermont, you must designate a registered agent. The registered agent is a person or business that agrees to accept legal documents on behalf of the LLC. It’s important to choose someone who lives within the state of Vermont as part of their duty as a registered agent; this way, they can be sued if necessary.

In most cases, selecting a registered agent requires some research into which professionals offer these services (e.g., lawyers) and how much they charge for them. You can also search online through sites like Legal Zoom—an affordable option that allows users to create documents without having lawyers on hand—or Rocket Lawyer—which provides legal information but does not actually provide legal representation services in any capacity whatsoever—to find an ideal candidate for your needs and budget before making further decisions about where exactly these documents will be coming from as well!

File Articles of Organization

In Vermont, LLCs are called “Limited Liability Companies,” and they’re filed with the Secretary of State’s office. To start an LLC in Vermont, you need to file Articles of Organization with the Secretary of State. Once you’ve completed these forms and paid your filing fee ($50 if you’re starting a single-member LLC; $100 for all others), your company will be officially registered!

The Secretary of State will give you instructions on how to fill out the Articles of Organization form. This document includes information like:

  • The name or names under which your business will be conducted (for example, “Jane Smith & Co.” or “Smith Consulting Group”) It can also include other identifying tags such as CPA (for certified public accountants) or LLP (limited liability partnership). Just make sure that whatever combination of words and letters is used doesn’t violate any laws regarding trademark protection!
  • Who is responsible for running operations at this new business? For example, does Jane Smith want herself named as manager? Or does she want another person from outside her company—maybe someone more experienced with managing companies—to take over this role? If so, then who should it be?

Publish a notice of formation

To publish your notice of formation, you must submit it to the secretary of state’s office and pay a fee. The secretary of state will then notify newspapers in the state where your LLC is formed, operates and has its principal place of business that they need to publish a notice stating that you have filed articles of organization. This information is published within 30 days after filing.

Request an EIN number from the IRS

  • To be sure you are following IRS guidelines, you should request an employer identification number (EIN) from the IRS. This is a unique number issued by the IRS that provides your business with a tax reporting and identification number. The EIN comes in handy when filing taxes and applying for licenses, permits, and other services.
  • The first step in obtaining an EIN is to create a user account on the IRS website. You’ll need to provide your name, address, phone number, email address and whether or not you’ve filed taxes before as an individual or as part of another business entity—if this is the case then enter their name so that they can receive their own EIN if needed later down the road! After entering all of this information click “Create Account.”
  • Next comes filling out Form SS-4 which contains all pertinent information regarding your business such as its legal structure (LLC), how long it’s been operating under current ownership etc… Once filled out send both forms together via mail along with two checks made payable to “IRS” (one for $65 plus tax per state/country)

Create an operating agreement

An operating agreement is a document that sets forth the rights, powers and duties of each member of your LLC. It also determines how profits are to be distributed and what happens if a member leaves or dies.

If you don’t have an operating agreement, Vermont law will govern how your business operates. You should have an attorney assist you with creating or reviewing an operating agreement; however, there are some helpful resources online as well:

  • National Association of Women Business Owners (NAWBO) has sample templates for operating agreements here:
  • LegalZoom offers free legal documents including operating agreements here:

Follow industry-specific regulations

If your business is in an industry that requires specific regulations, it’s important to follow the rules. For example, if you’re opening a restaurant or bar, you’ll need to follow health and safety regulations set by the Vermont Department of Health. You’ll also need to pay attention to financial transaction regulations (like keeping track of cash expenses) and tax law (like how much income tax LLC owners should pay).

Forming a new LLC isn’t difficult but you do need to follow several steps.

  • To form an LLC in Vermont, you must first file articles of organization with the state.
  • Articles of organization describe your company’s name and address, as well as its principal place of business, number of members and capital contributions (if any).
  • You must also designate a registered agent for your business. A registered agent is someone who will accept legal documents on behalf of your company if it is not physically present or operating at that moment in time.
  • The Secretary of State’s website has step-by-step instructions on filing articles online or by mail. If filing online: Code Title 10 Commerce and Trade > CHAPTER 65 INITIATION OF BUSINESS ORGANIZATIONS > PART 2 INITIATION OF BUSINESS ORGANIZATIONS GENERALLY


The process of forming a new LLC is relatively straightforward, but you do need to follow various steps. Once your business is set up, it’s time to get down to business! You can use our free resources on legal issues related to starting a new business and how to register your name in Vermont if you need more information.

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